Thoughts from a 21st century educator.
One of the failings I found from my first education degree was that there was not enough focus on the different education theories. We were introduced to Gardner and Piaget but this was about it, so I really appreciated the more in depth focus on learning theories that we went through in this course.
Here is my personal learning theory concept map. Click on it to expand it to view the entire map in detail.
(Download a copy of this here)
Personal Learning Theory
I personally think people learn through an unconscious process called experiential learning. They hypothesize about how the world should work, collect data, compare the data they have collected to see if it fits in their theory, and then revise their theory if they feel enough evidence has been found. In this theory, as described by Kolb (1984), people construct an understanding of the world around them using what they know as a basis.